Following this, he returned to India on request from Gopal Krishna Gokhale in the year Gokhale also made Gandhi a member of the Indian Congress and elaborated him about the situation in India. In the year , he was made the leader of the Congress. During this time period, he started helping many people in India.
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He has organised many movements and struggled for freedom of India. As a result of which he was arrested many times by the British, who ruled India during that time. He had many followers, who happily followed him in his footsteps. He also dressed up in cotton clothes, which he weaved with the help of Charkha. Mahatma Gandhi believed in the democracy of the Nation and supported secularism where both Hindu and Muslim can live in harmony.
However, many politician during that time did not support this and wanted a separate country for Muslim people. India was divided into two partitions and Muslim people migrated to Pakistan and many Hindu and Sikh people moved to India. After this partition, British rule came to an end in India on August 15, In the farmers of Champaran were forced by the Britishers to grow indigo and again sell them at very cheap fixed prices.
Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against this practice and Britishers were forced to accept the demand of the farmers. Kheda village was hit by floods in and created a major famine in the region. The Britishers were not ready to provide any concessions or relief in the taxes. Gandhiji organized a non-cooperation movement and led peaceful protests against the British administration for many months. Ultimately the administration was forced to provide relief in taxes and temporarily suspended the collection of revenue.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the harsh British policies lead to the Non-cooperation movement in It was the non-violence protest against the British rule. Gandhiji believed that the main reason of the Britishers flourishing in India is the support they are getting from Indians. Indians denied working for the Britishers and withdrew themselves from the British schools, civil services, government jobs etc. People started resigning from the prominent posts which highly affected the British administration.
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The Non-Cooperation movement shook the foundation of the British rule and all these without a single use of any weapon. The power of non-violence was more evident in the non-cooperation movement. Britishers imposed a heavy taxation on the salt produce which affected the local salt production. Gandhiji started the 26 days non-violence march to Dandi village, Gujarat protesting against the salt monopoly of the British government.
The Dandi march was started on 12 th March from Sabarmati Ashram and ended on 06 th April at Dandi, breaking the salt laws of the British government and starting the local production of salt. The Salt March was a non violent movement which got the international attention and which helped to concrete the foundation of Independent India. After the successful movement of the Salt March, the foundation of British government shook completely. There was a mass non-violent civil disobedience launched across the country and Indians also demanded their separation from World War II.
The effect of Quit India Movement was so intense that British government agreed to provide complete independence to India once the war gets over. These movements led by Mahatma Gandhi were completely Non-violent and did not use any weapon. The power of truth and non-violence were the weapons used to fight the British rule. The effect of non-violence was so intense that it gained the immediate attention of the international community towards the Indian independence struggle. It helped to reveal the harsh policies and acts of the British rule to the international audience.
Mahatma Gandhi always believed that weapons are not the only answer for any problem; in fact they created more problems than they solved. It is a tool which spreads hatred, fear and anger. Non-violence is one of the best methods by which we can fight with much powerful enemies, without holding a single weapon.
Apart from the independence struggle; there are many incidents of modern times which exhibited the importance of non-violence and how it helped in bringing changes in the society and all that without spilling a single drop of blood. Hope the day is not very far when there will be no violence and every conflict and dispute will be solved through peaceful dialogues without harming anyone and shedding blood and this would be a greatest tribute to Mahatma Gandhi. He was a man of ideologies and a man with great patience and courage.
His non-violence movements involved peaceful protests and non-cooperation with the British rule. These movements had a long term effects on the Britishers and it also helped India to grab the eye balls of global leaders and attracted the attention on the international platforms.
His mother Putlibai was a very devotional and generous lady. Young Gandhi was a reflection of his mother and inherited high values, ethics and the feeling of sacrifice from her. Mohandas was married to Kasturba Makanji at a very young age of In , they were blessed with a baby boy and after which he sailed to London for higher studies. In , he went to South Africa to continue his practice of law where he faced strong racial discrimination by the Britishers.
The major incident which completely changed the young Gandhi was when he was forcibly removed from the first class compartment of a train due to his race and color. After the discrimination and embracement faced by Gandhi due to his race and color, he vowed to fight and challenge the racial discrimination of immigrants in South Africa. He formed Natal Indian Congress in and started fighting against racial discrimination. He fought for the civil rights of the immigrants in South Africa and spent around 21 years there. He started many non-violent movements and protests against Britishers and was also imprisoned various times in his long quest of freedom.
His campaigns were completely non-violent without the involvement of any force or weapons. The great feeling of sacrifice, love and help he showed throughout his life was a matter of great respect for each citizen of India. Mahatma Gandhi showed a lifelong compassion towards the people affected with leprosy. He used to nurse the wounds of people with leprosy and take proper care of them.
In the times when people used to ignore and discriminate people with leprosy, the humanitarian compassion of Gandhi towards them made him a person with great feelings and a person with great soul justifying himself as Mahatma. His campaign against untouchability during his imprisonment in the Yerwada Jail where he went on fast against the age old evil of untouchability in the society had highly helped the upliftment of the community in the modern era.
Apart from this, he also advocated the importance of education, cleanliness, health and equality in the society.
All these qualities made him a man with great soul and justify his journey from Gandhi to Mahatma. The accomplishments of Mahatma Gandhi is summarized below:.
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The racial discrimination in South Africa shocked Mahatma Gandhi and he vowed to fight against it. He challenged the law which denied the voting rights of the people not belonging to the European region. He continued to fight for the civil rights of the immigrants in South Africa and became a prominent face of a civil right activist. Mahatma Gandhi was the liberal face of independence struggle.
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He challenged the British rule in India through his peaceful and non-violent protests. The Champaran Satyagrah, Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt March, Quit India Movement etc are just the few non-violent movements led by him which shook the foundation of the Britishers in India and grabbed the attention of the global audience to the Indian freedom struggle.
Gandhi Ji also worked on uprooting various social evils in the society which prevailed at that time.
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi: for Kids, Children and Students
He launched many campaigns to provide equal rights to the untouchables and improve their status in the society. He also worked on the women empowerment, education and opposed child marriage which had a long term effect on the Indian society. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the great personalities of India. He was a man with simplicity and great ideologies. His non-violent way to fight a much powerful enemy without the use of a weapon or shedding a single drop of blood surprised the whole world.
His patience, courage and disciplined life made him popular and attracted people from every corners of the world. He was the man who majorly contributed in the independence of India from the British rule. He devoted his whole life for the country and its people. He was the face of the Indian leadership on international platform.
He was the man with ethics, values and discipline which inspires the young generation around the globe even in the modern era. Gandhi Ji was also famous for his strict discipline.